Durood Sharif is an invocation we make to God to bestow His choicest
favours and blessings on the Prophet. It is a kind of prayer. The truth
is that, after God, the greatest obligation on us is that of the sacred
Prophet (Peace and Blessings of God be upon whom). He underwent tremendous
hardship and endured the bitterest of persecutions in order to convey
the divine guidance to us had he not borne these trials and sufferings
the light of faith would never have reached us. We would be dwelling
in the gloom of apostasy and making our home in hell after death.
Since faith is the greatest blessing on the earth and we have attained
it solely through the merciful agency of the Prophet, our greatest benefactor,
next to God, is Prophet Mohammad. There is nothing we can do to pay
back the enormous debt of gratitude we owe him. We can only pray for
him to God as a token of our loyalty and gratefulness.
But what prayer can we make that may be worthy of the Prophet? Naturally,
none besides that God may magnify him and bless him with His choicest
favours. This is just what Durood is.
The Quran clearly enjoins on us to offer the Durood, and in what a wonderful
manner does it do so:
God and His Angels send blessings on the Prophet: O Ye that believe!
Send ye blessings on him and salute him with all respect. (XXXIII: 56)
In this verse we are first told that God Himself honours the Prophet
and holds him in strongest affection and that His Angels also do the
same-they pay reverence to him and beseech God to bless him with His
most marvelous favours. The verse then goes on to command us also, i.e.,
the believers to send blessings on him and salute him with all respect.
Thus, before the command is given care is taken to explain to us that
the thing we are being required to do is something which is particularly
pleasing to God and which the angels also fondly do. After knowing it,
what Muslim is there worth his name who will not make it a religious
duty to offer the Durood?
Below we give a few Traditions of the Prophet extolling the virtue and
merit of Durood Sharif. The Prophet is reported to have said:
“He who will send blessings on me once God will confer ten favours
on him.” (In another Tradition it has also been said that, “God
will forgive his ten sins and raise him higher in rank by ten degrees)”.
“There are many angels of God whose special duty is that they
keep on moving in the world and whichever follower of mine sends blessings
on me they carry it to me at-once.”
Gracious is the Lord! Our Durood is communicated to the Prophet by the
angels and through it we get a chance of being mentioned in his presence.
What greater honour could there by for us, really.
The Prophet says:
“Closest to me on the Day of Requital will be he who sends blessings
on me oftener.”
“That man is a big miser in whose presence my name is taken and
he does not offer the Durood.”
“May he be disgraced in whose presence my name is taken and he
fails to offer the Durood.”
In sum, to send blessings on the Prophet is a foremost duty we owe to
him a source of stupendous virtue and blessedness and the fountainhead
of prodigious blessings in this world and the next.
Once the companions asked the Prophet, “How are we to offer Durood
The Prophet advised them about Durood-I-Ibrahimi which is recited in
the Namaz. We have already reproduced it in Lesson II.
Very much similar to Durood-I-Ibrahimi, but a little shorter, is another
Durood, which was also taught by the Prophet. It reads:
“O Allah! Magnify Prophet Mohammad, the Unlettered, his wives,
the mothers of the faithful, his posterity (followers), and his family
as Thou hast magnified the family of Ibrahim. Verily, Thou art the Praiseworthy,
Whenever we take the name of the Prophet or talk about him or hear about
him from anyone we should at once send blessings on him. On such occasions
it is enough to say only or .
Some determined persons with a natural flair and fondness for Durood-I-Sharif
make it a regular habit to recite it thousands of times daily. But if
weak-willed men like ourselves can manage to recite it a hundred times
morning and evening with proper devotion and reverence they will profit
so much by it and there will be such exquisite favours of the Prophet
on him that it is not possible even to imagine them in this world.
The following Durood Sharif is suggested to those who may be wanting
to know a brief one:
O Allah! Magnify Mohammad, the Unlettered Prophet, and his family.