great Theologian, a great Writer a great Orator, a great Politician, a
great Saint, Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani was a student and Khalifa of
Sheikh-ul-Hind. He was born on 7th Muharram l3O4 A.H.(1885 A.D.) in U.P.(INDIA).
His father Maulana Fazlur Rahman, belonged to a well-known Usmani family
of Deoband. He was Deputy Inspector of Schools and was posted at Bareilly
when the great son was born. He received his education at Darul Uloom.
of Deoband and got first position and distinction in his final examination
in 1908 (1325 A. H.). He was appointed an Ustaz the same year in the same
Darul Uloom due to his extraordinary ability. In 1910 the first Convocation
of Darul Uloom was held. The Allama delivered a marvelous speech at this
occasion and he was made a permanent Ustaz of the Darul Uloom. In 1915,
when Hazrat Sheikkul Hind made his journey to Hijaz, the great Allama
taught 'Muslim in his place. The speeches and lessons on this famous Book
of Tradition showed his marvelous intelligence and ability. Finally these
speeches were reproduced in his famous Book AI-Muslim in three volumes.
Unfortunately this Book could not be completed due to his most busy life.
In 1344 A.H. Sultan bin Abdul Aziz bin Saood summoned a conference of
Motamir Aalame Islami. A grand deputation of Jamiatul Ulema went to participate
in this conference. He went with this deputation as a prominent member.
The Sultan was highly impressed by his eloquent and scholarly speeches
and made many reforms in his administration. In 1345 A.H, Allama Shabbir
Ahmad Usmani, Anwar Shah Kashmiri and other prominent teachers of Deoband
were forced to leave Deoband due to some unavoid- able circumstances.
They went to Dabhel in District Gujrat and joined the Jamia Islamia Dabhel
as teachers. In 1352 A.H. when Anwar Shah Sahib died he also taught Bukhari.
The speeches and lectures on Bukhari were recorded by one of his students,
Abdul Waheed Siddiqi of Fatehpur, U.P. India. Insha Allah these lectures
shall appear to the readers after some time in English. Prayer is required
by the readers. The greatest work of Hazrat Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
is the Tafsir of the Holy Quran. In this Tafsir he has drawn the essence
of thirteen or fourteen famous Tafasir. It is written in Urdu. The western
world is thirsty for a standard and correct interpretation of the Quran.
This Faqir has tried to introduce this valuable treasure of knowledge
to the English-speaking world. What is Tafsir ? :-Tafsir as a matter of
fact, is the translation of God's Conscience into words of interpretation.
God's conscience is hidden in the Quran. Any such commentary that is away
from God'S Conscience is not a Real Tafsir. If some element of Nafs is
amalgamated in Tafsir it is wrong. It some element of personal whims and
fancies is mixed with the Tafsir it is wrong. Tafsir means : "It
is what God means." Tafsir is not that which our Nafs means, or our
desire says, or our heart believes, or our mind speaks purification is
the first condition of Tafsir : Unless our Nafs, our heart, our Mind i.e.
our interior (Batin) is purified we cannot understand the Holy Quran correctly.
Hence only a Purified Scholar can write a correct Tafsir, otherwise there
is all possibility that his own Nafs may be mixed with 'the Tafsir. Hazrat
Allama Shabbir Ahmad Usmani was a great Scholar and was purified by his
eminent Sheikh, Maulana Mahmood Hasan, popularly known as Sheikhul Hind
and Prisoner of Malta. The two main conditions of Tafsir (a) Purification
and (b) Comprehensive Knowledge of all branches of religion were perfectly
found in the Great Allama. This is the reason that 1 have tried hard to
render it into English so that the world may receive correct guidance
and know exactly what God means and what God requires. Today wrong ideas
have been introduced in the name of Quran. That is dangerous for the lovers
of truth. That is dangerous for the lovers of God, who want to recognize
and see Him through the Quran.