in Taqdeer and tawakkul in ALLAH
belief that everything which happened, happen and will happen and will
happen is according to the knowledge, will and command of Allah Ta’ala
is called Taqdeer. Belief in Taqdeer is compulsory.The advantages of belief
in Taqdeer and Tawakkul (Trust in Allah) are as follows:
1. No matter what hardship or misfortune befalls one, it will be accepted
without panic and the heart will remain strong in the face-of such hardships.
Strong belief in Taqdeer will indicate that Allah’s whish is in
this occurrence and it cannot be opposed. The hardship will disappear
only when so desired by Allah Ta’ala. Thus the man of Taqdeer accepts
what comes his way with contented resignation.
2. One who has understood and accepted this conception of Taqdeer will
not be overcome with frustration at the delay in the passing of the hardship.
He will not become despondent and lose hope when the misfortune endures
for any length of time. He will banish weakness.
3. The adherent of Taqdeer will not adopt unlawful ways and means of combating
the difficulty, for he knows that the adversity has been brought about
by Allah Ta’ala. He understands well that elimination of the hardship
is not possible without the Will of Allah Ta’ala. He therefore realizes
the futility of his efforts in trying to eliminate what Allah Ta’ala
has willed. He will thus not unnecessarily court the displeasure of Allah
by the adoption of unlawful measures. Why court Allah’s Warth when
one’s purpose cannot be achieved even after having displeased Him.
4. The believer in Taqdeer and Tawakkul will not rely solely on material
and mundance measures, but will resort to dua as well. He believes that
nothing can be gained without His Will. He thus derives greater hope and
strength by supplicating to Allah Ta’ala. An additional benefit
of engaging in duaa is the strengthening of one’s relationship with
Allah Ta’ala. A strong bond of love with Allah Ta’ala is the
basis of peace and all comfort.
5. The believer in Taqdeer will not attribute success, accomplishment
and excellance to his efforts. He will attribute everything to the Will
and Pleasure of Allah Ta’ala. He will thus be imbued with humility.
Such a man will not be arrogant and haughty.
The summary of what has been said above is:
The believer in Taqdeer and Tawakkul will be grateful (make shukr) in
times and occasions of success and prosperity, and he will be patient
(make sabr) when failure and adversity overtake him. This is the great
advatage which Allah Ta’ala points to in the following aayat:
So that you do not lose hope over what you have lost nor do you become
elated because of what you have gained.” (Surah
Islamic conception of Taqdeer should not be misconstrued and the essential
and correct ways and means for worldly affairs should not be discarded
on the pretext of resignation to Taqdeer. Discarding the lawful means
and agencies which Allah Ta’ala has created for worldly affairs
is weakness as well as erroneous. Such error and weakness have been criticized
in the hadith. Hadhrat Auf Bin malik (radiallahu anhu) narrates that once
when Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) decided a dispute, the one
against whom the verdict went, exclaimed:
“Sufficient for me is Allah and He is good Protector.”
This exclamation was intended to convey that Allah’s Pleasure was
the cause of the setback which he suffered. Hearing this, Rasulullah (sallallahu
alayhi wasallam) said:
“Allah Ta’ala does not like weakness. Be alert.!”
Here Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) exhorted that one should
harness the correct means for one’s case and activity. However,
if inspite of instituting the correct measures, failure results, the one
will be justified in sayging: “Sufficient for me is Allah and He
is good Protector.” This hadith appears in Abu Dawood.
Hadith on Taqdeer
Hadhrat Jabbir (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu
alayhi wasallam) said:
never be a Mu’min as long as you do not believe in Taqdeer in its
good and its bad to such an extent that whatever is to happen will not
be warded off and whatever is not to happen will not occur. (Tirmizi)
Hadhrat Ibn Abbaas (radiallahu anhu) narrates: “I was (once) behind
Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) when he said to me: ‘O son! I
shall inform you of a few things. Remember Allah and He will protect you.
Remember Allah and you will find Him close to you. When you have to ask
for something, ask of Allah Ta’ala. When you require aid, seek His
Aid. Believe firmly that if all creation desires to benefit you in anything,
they can never benefit you but that which Allah has decreed for you. If
they all unite to harm you, they will not be able to harm you in anything,
but that which Allah has decreed for you.”
Hadhrat Abu Darda (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Allah Ta’ala has
already predestined five things for all people, viz., age, sustenance
(rizq), deeds, place of burial and final salvation or condemnation.
Bazzaaz, Kabeer, Ausat)
Hadhrat Muaawiya (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu
alayhi wasallam) said:
advance to acquire something, thinking that you can acquire it by your
efforts even though Allah Ta’ala has not predestined it for you
nor retreat from something, thinking that you will be able to obviate
it by your efforts even though Allah Ta’ala has predestined it for
Allah Ta’ala has predestined, will come to pass no matter what efforts
are made by man to gain or ward it off.
5. Hadhrat Abu
Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallhu alayhi
to acquire what is beneficial for you; seek the aid of Allah; do not lose
courage and if a setback overtakes you, do not say: ‘If I had done
this then it would have happened like this (i.e. not what had happened).’
Instead, say: ‘Allah has ordained this. Whatever he has willed,
has happened. (Muslim)
above Ahadith have been extracted from jam’ul Fawaaid. These ahadith
pertain largely to Taqdeer. The narrations which will appear hereunder
pertain more to Tawakkul.
6. Allah Ta’ala
states in the Qur’aan:
you have consulted) and when you have firmly decided, then have trust
on Allah (and proceed to do what you have decided to do). Verily, Allah
Ta’ala loves those who place reliance ( on Him).” (Surah
greater wealth do one require than the love of Allah? Those whose trust
and reliance are in Allah, have secured His love. There is no doubt in
the success of such people. From this aayat it is also manifest that along
with Tawakkul should be Tadbeer (i.e. employment of the correct agencies,
means and ways). Consultation which is mentioned in the aayat is in fact
a way for deciding an affair. However, one should not repose reliance
on tadbeer. Even after having instituted the ways and means, reliance
must be placed on Allah Ta’ala.
7. Allah Ta’ala
says in the Qur’aan Shareef:
Sahaabah) are such (sincere) people that when some persons said to them:
‘These people (i.e. the Kuffaar of Makkah) have made (great) preparation
for you (i.e. for fighting you) You should therefore fear them. their
(the Sahaabah) Imaan became stronger. Allah is sufficient and is best.
Unto Him affairs are assigned. Thus these people (the Sahaabah) returned
loaded with the bounties of Allah. No grief overtook them and they remained
following the Pleasure of Allah. Verily, Allah is most Munficient.”
In these aayaat
is a reference to a particular incident from which the Sahaabah benefited
both materially as well as spriritually. Allah Ta’ala indicates
here that both these benefits were the consequence of Tawakkul.
8. Allah Ta’ala
orders Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) in the Qur’aan Shareef
Muhammad!) Nothing can overtake us, but that which Allah has ordained
for us. He is our King. All Believers should assign their affairs to Allah.
Await for us one
goodness out of two.” (Surah
Allah Ta’ala is the King, the servant should be pleased with whatever
the King chooses. This should be the condition of all Muslims. Both prosperity
and adversity are beneficial for Muslims. Times and conditions of hardship
prove beneficial for Muslims in relation to the end result. In enduring
the hardships, ranks increase and sins are forgiven. Thus, it matters
not which condition a Muslim is in Both conditions, viz., prosperity and
adversity, are advantageous for believers. This shows that even if a Muslim
is overtaken by difficulty and hardship, he is not reduced to despondency
and frustration, for he considers the states of adversity also beneficial
to him. If the benefits of adversity do not manifest in this world, then
for a certainty, these will be manifested in the Aakhirah. The Aakhirah
is our actual and original home and goodness and benefit there will be
to our perpetual advantage.
9. Allah Ta’ala
he saw Bani Israaaeel in fear and suffering because of the cruelty of
‘O my people!
If you have (true) Imaan on Allah, then have trust in Him, if indeed you
are obeying Him.’ They said: We have reposed trust on only Allah.’
(They then supplicated): ‘O Creator! Do not make us the target of
these oppressors;save us by Your mercy from these unbelievers.” (Surah
this aayat it is learnt that along with Tawakkul, duaa is very efficacious.
10. Allah Ta’ala
has trust on Allah, He is sufficient for him.”
dispenses all affairs of those who have trust on Him, be the affairs of
a physical or spiritual nature. This is indeed a wonderful promise made
to those who adopt Tawakkul.
11. Hadhrat Sa’d
narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
fortune of a person is that he remains pleased with what Allah has ordained
for him. The misfortune of a person is that he refrains from asking Allah
for goodness and that he is displeased with what Allah has ordained for
Hadhrat Amr Bin A’s (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu
alayhi wasallam) said:
of man lingers after everything. Allah does not care for a man who puts
his heart at the disposal of everything; he may be destroyed in any place
(and way – Allah, cares not for him). Who ever has trust on Allah,
Allah suffices for him in all affairs.” (Ibn
hadith points out that such a man whose trust is reposed in Allah does
not become despondent and is not smitted by worry.
13. Hadhrat Imraan
Bin Haseen (radiallahu anhu narrates that Rasulullah (sallallau alayhi
remains aligned to Allah with his heart, Allah will be sufficient on him
in all his affairs. Allah will bestow on him sustenance from such quarters
which he did nit even think of Whoever aligns himself with the world,
Allah hands him over to the world.” (Targheeb
Hadhrat Anas (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi
wasallam) said to a man:
camel and trust in Allah.”
does not envisage the abandonement of the lawful means and agencies which
Allah Ta’ala has created for the execution of activities. One has
to trust in Allah and not repose confidence in the means and ways.
15. Hadhrat Abu
Khuzaamah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that someone asked Rasulullah sallallahu
and medicine alter Taqdeer.”
alayhi wasallam) said:
is included in Taqdeer.” (Tirmizi,
to this hadith, the benefit which will result from medicine etc is also
dictated by Taqdeer. The sum Total of this discussion is that Muslims
should never become despondent and frustrated in difficult situations.
Take lesson from what has been said in these aayaat and ahadith and do
not become weak in your Deen. Repose all your trust on Allah Ta’ala.