(Chapter 15)

Charity other then Zakat


Zakat is a compulsory obligation. One should not feel released from all other acts of charity once Zakaat is paid. There are many avenues of charity in which it is essential to spend on various occasions. After having paid Zakaat, one should not become heartless and refrain from other acts of charity.
1. Hadhrat Fatimah Bint Qais (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Undoubtedly, besides the obligation of Zakaat, there are other rights too in wealth.”
In substantiation of this claim, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) recited the aayat:
In this aayat Allah Ta’ala mentions Zakaat as well as other forms of charity for special occasions.
                                        (Tirmizi, Ibn Majah, Daarami)
Assisting those in debt, lending things to other and other forms of voluntary charitable acts come within the scope of the above aayat and hadith. Things of little value (i.e. in terms of material wealth) should be merely given without asking for their return.
2. Allah Ta’ala says in the Qur’aan Shareef:
Spend in the Path of Allah.”
                                                      (Surah Baqarah)
3. “Who will give a beautiful loan to Allah (i.e. with sincerity) ……..”
                                                      (Surah Baqarah)
4. “You can never attain perfect piety until you spend from that (wealth) which you love. Whatever you spend, Allah knows well.”
                                                  (Surah Aale Imraan)
5. “That (Jannat) has been prepared for those who fear Allah: such people who spend (in the Path of Allah) in prosperity and in adversity.”
(Surah Aale Imraan)
6. “Verily, Allah Ta’ala has purchased the lives and the wealth of the Believers in return for Jannat.” (Surah tauabah)
7. “And, whatever they spend, be it little or much (in the path of Allah) and what ever distance they travel (in the path of Allah) are recorded for them so that Allah grants them the best of rewards for their deeds.”
                                                       (Surah Taubah)
8. “Fulfil the rights of relatives, of the needy and the traveler.”
                                                 (Surah bani Israeel)
9. “Whatever you spend (in the Path of Allah), He will compensate it.”
                                                        (Surah Sabaa)
10. “They feed the orphans and the captives because of love for Allah.”
                                                         (Surah Dahr)
Besides these verses there are many other aayaat which also speak about the virtue of spending in the Path of Allah Ta’ala, other than by means of Zkaat. Some ahadith in this regard will now be cited.
1. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Allah Ta’ala says” ‘O son of Adam! Spend (in good works), I too shall spend on you.”
                                                    (Bukhari, Muslim)
2. Hadhrat Jaabir (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Beware of the love of wealth. Such greed has destroyed people before you.”
                                                       (Muslim)
3. Hadhrat Abu Saeed (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Spending one dirham in one’s lifetime is superior to spending a hundred dirhams at the time of one’s death.”
                                                      (Abu Dawood)
4. Hadhrat Ali (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu wasallam) said:
“Hasten in charity, for Charity prevents the afflication of calamities.”:
5. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Whoever spends (in the Path of Allah) one date from a halaal earning-and Allah accepts only what is halaal – Allah takes it up in His right Hand. Allah Ta’ala then increases it manifold until it becomes as huge as a mountain.”
                                                    (Bukhari, Muslim)
6. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Charity does not decrease wealth.”
                                                      (Muslim)
As a consequence of giving charity in the Path Allah, one’s wealth will increase either by way of an increase in income or by barkat in one’s wealth.
7. Hadhrat Abu Thar (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Never hold any goodness in contempt even if it be to the extent of meeting a brother Muslim with a smile.”
                                                      (Muslim)
8. Hadhrat Abu Musa Ash’ari (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Sadqah in varying degrees is an obligation on every Muslim.”
The people asked.” If someone has not wealth to give? Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Earn something (by one’s labour); use what has been earned on yourself as well as in Sadqah.”
The people asked. “If someone is unable to work?”
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Let him help (by means of his labour) someone in need and difficulty. The people said: “If he is unable to do even this?” Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Let him show someone a good act” The people said: “If he is unable to do even this?” Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Let him not harm anyone. This too is Sadqah for him.” (Bukhari, Muslim) Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) described these acts of virtue as Sadqah (charity) because of the benefit for others. Like Sadqah benefits others so too do the acts mentioned in this hadith. These acts have been figuratively described as Sadqah is to spend wealth in the Path of Allah Ta’ala.
Refraining from harming others has been described in the hadith as an act of benefit to mankind. This description indicates the great importance of serving others and abstaining from doing anything detrimental and hurtful to people. This teaching is indeed a great rahmat (blessing)
9. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Every joint (in the human body) is liable for one act of charity daily. Justice meted out between two personsis also sadqah. Assisting someone to mount a vehicle or helping in loading his luggage are also acts of Sadqah. A good word (which benefits others) is also Sadqah. Removing a harmful object (e.g. thorn, peel, etc.) from the road is also Sadqah.”
                                                    (Bukhari, Muslim)
Explaining the above Hadith, another Hadith also in Muslim Shareef states that in the human body are 360 joints; whoever renders this number of good deeds daily, has saved himself from Jahannum.
10. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“A noble form of Sadqah is to lend a camel (or any other animal) to a person who will obtain the benefit of its milk in the morning and the evening. (After having milked the animal in the morning and the evening, it is returned to its owner).”
                                                    (Bukhari, Muslim)
11. Hadhrat Anas (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“It is an act of Sadqah for a Muslim to plant at tree or sow the land from which people, birds and animals derive benefit.”
                                                    (Bukhari, Muslim)
12. Hadhrat Jaabir (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Whatever is stolen from it (the farm) is also Sadqah for the owner (of the produce).”
                                                      (Muslim)
Although the owner did not sow his lands for this purpose, nor does he regard the ft of his goods as a benefit for him, nevertheless, it is recorded as Sadqah for him.
13. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: that a prostitute was forgiven because she took pity on a dog which was on the verge of death due to thirst. She removed her leather sock and with her scarf lowered in into a well. In this way she obtained water which she gave to the dog to drink. Some asked:
“Do we obtain thawaab for service to animals as well?”
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) replied:
“There is thawaab in (rendering service to) every living creature.”
                                                    (Bukhari, Muslim)
This applies to animals who are not harmful. Elsewhere in the ahadith permission has been granted to kill animals which are harmful.
14. Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Render ibadat to Rahman (Allah, The Most merciful); feed (the poor) and be in the habit of making salaam (whether the Muslim in known or unknown to you), you will then enter Jannat in safety.” (Tirmizi, Ibn Majah)
15. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Smiling when meeting a Muslim is also an act of Sadqah. Commanding goodness and prohibiting evil are also acts of Sadqah. Directing a lost person on the right road is also Sadqah for you. Assisting the blind is also Sadqah for you. Removing a stone, thorn, etc., from the road is also Sadqah for you. Pouring water from your bucket into the bucket of a brother Muslim is also Sadqah.”
This hadith in fact explains that every act or service rendered to the creation of Allah Ta’ala, no matter how slight or insignificant that act may seem, is a deed acceptable by Allah Ta’ala. All such acts of service are benefical and one obtains thawaab therefore.
16. Hadhrat Sa’d Bin Ubaadah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that when his mother died he enquired from Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) in regard to Sadqah of much significance, which he wished to render on behalf of his mother.
“Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Water”.
Thus Hadhrat Sa’d Bin Ubaadah (radiallahu anhu) arranged for a well to be dug for the use of people. The intention for digging the well was that Allah Ta’ala intention for digging the well was that Allah Ta’ala bestow the thawaab to his (Sa’d’s) mother. (Abdu Dawood, Nisaai)
17. Hadhrat Abu Saeed (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Allah Ta’ala will bestow the green (luxurious) garments of Jannat to the one who clothed a Muslim who had no clothes. Allah Ta’ala will give of the fruits of Jannat to the one who fed a hungry Muslim. Allah Ta’ala will award the finest and pure drink of Jannat to the one who gave a thirsty Muslim something to drink.” (Abu Dawood, Tirmizi)
18. Hadhrat Anas Ibn Malik (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“There are seven things, the thawaab of which continuously accrues to a person even after death. Deeni knowledge which was taught to anyone; a canal dug (i.e. some form of irrigation), a well dug; a tree planted (from which people or animals derive benefit); a Musjid built; a copy of the Qur’aan left (for someone to recite); and, children who will make dua for foregiveness of their deceased parents.” (Targheeb, Bazzaaz, Abu Nuaim)
A narration in Ibn Majah mentions Sadqah, Musaafir Khaanah (a place where a travelers stop over) instead of a well and a tree as is mentioned in the above hadith.
19. Hadhrat Sa’d (radiallahu anhu) narrates that on one occasion when Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) distributed some wealth among the people, he (Sa’d) requested Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) to give also to a certain person. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) replied:
“At times I give to a man while another (to whom no gift is made) is more beloved to me. But I give the man (whom I do not love as much as the other) for fear of him not remaining firm on the Deen if not given. Allah will therefore, thrust this person onto his face into Jahannum.”
                                                      (Muslim)
This hadith establishes the significance of assiting converts. Initially their Imaan is not grounded and they are unable to ungergo much difficulty. The danger exists of them reneging from Imaan if they experience much difficulty after having embraced Islam. To aid them by means of wealth until their Imaan becomes strong, is meritorious.
20. Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (radiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“I take oath by that Being Who sent me with the true Deen! Allah will not punish on the Day of Qiyaamah the one who had mercy on the orphans; who spoke tenderly with the orphan; who took pity on the orphans.” (Targheeb, Tibrani)
This hadith establishes the great significance of aiding orphanages.
All narrations of Qur’aan and Hadith enumerated in this section illustrate the tremendous importance and significance which the Deen places on service to creation. The narrations mention many individual acts of service which are beneficial to others as well as to those who render them. One more aayaat and one more hadith which embrace all service to creation will be cited here.
Qur’aanic aayat:
“Assist one another in (acts of) righteousness and piety.”
                                                     (Surah maa-idah)
Hadith:
“The most beloved to Allah among mankind is the one who is of the greatest benefit to mankind.” (Targheeb, Isbahaani)
May Allah Ta’ala grant all taufeeq.

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